Disease Reports of Note During Q4 2018

The following is a selection of reports through the press. This does not include all outbreaks. It should be noted that more reports will be expected from countries with better surveillance systems and frequency of reporting does not provide an indication of prevalence.

During this quarter:

African Swine Fever More than 1000 cases of African Swine Fever (ASF) have been confirmed across eastern Europe between July and November 2018. Despite the large reduction in the number of ASF outbreaks in domestic pigs in Eastern Europe, there were still a further 110 cases confirmed during October. The disease is still present across much of the continent (particularly in wild boar) and is still spreading.

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Africa Asia Oceania Europe Middle East North America South America

Africa

Algeria OIE report 6 outbreaks of peste des petits ruminants (PPR).
Botswana OIE report brucellosis in Chobe.
Malawi OIE report anthrax in 25 hippopotamuses found dead alongside a river bank.
Malawi OIE report a new outbreak of foot-and-mouth disease (FMD). The animals were brought in from a neighboring country. Serotype was not determined.
Namibia OIE report anthrax. The outbreaks in Kunene and Kavango East affected cattle, goats, and African buffalo. The sources were considered to be spores in the environment from a 2017 outbreak at Bwatata National Park.
South Africa OIE report foot and mouth disease (FMD) in buffalo. This was a sub-clinical infection picked up by serology. Serotype could not be determined. It does not affect the FMD-free status.
Tunisia OIE report FMD (serotype O) in cattle and sheep.
Tunisia OIE report West Nile fever (WNF). Equine cases were found following active surveillance triggered by human cases.
Tunisia OIE report 9 outbreaks of bluetongue (BTV) (serotype 2).

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Asia

China OIE report African swine fever (ASF) in Guangdong.
China OIE report a new case of ASF.
China OIE report ASF.
China OIE report a new case of ASF in Jiangxi.
China OIE report a new case of ASF in Fujian.
China OIE report a new case of ASF.
China OIE report a new case of ASF in Chongking.
China OIE report a new case of ASF in Guizhou.
China OIE a report highly-pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N6.
China OIE report of ASF in Yunnan within 200 km of China's border with Myanmar and Laos, and near Thailand. Because of Yunnan's proximity to the border, outbreaks there represent an increased risk of international spread of ASF.
China OIE report of ASF in Hunan.
China OIE report of ASF in Hubei. China first detected the highly-contagious disease in early August 2018 and reported the 50th outbreak of the disease early November 2018.
China OIE report new case of ASF in Shaanxi.
China OIE report another case of ASF affecting the Jizhou District.
China OIE report HPAI H5N6 in Hunan.
China OIE report HPAI H5N6 in China.
China Additional human case H5N6 reported in Guangdong, Hong Kong. The case involved a 22-year-old man who had contact with live poultry before the onset of symptoms. Since 2014, 21 human cases of H5N6 have been reported by the mainland health authorities.
India OIE report HPAI H5N1 identified in a house crow.
India OIE report HPAI H5N1 identified in birds.
Laos OIE report HPAI H5N1.
Vietnam OIE report HPAI H5N1.

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Europe

Bulgaria OIE report ASF. This was a sub-clinical infection identified in wild boar.
Bulgaria OIE report WNF identified in a rook.
Bulgaria OIE report HPAI H5N8.
Bulgaria OIE report HPAI H5N8.
Bulgaria OIE identified Newcastle disease virus (NDV) in a Eurasian collared dove.
Croatia OIE report bovine babesiosis.
Croatia OIE report brucellosis, which was found during regular annual herd testing.
Germany OIE Report BTV8.
Hungary OIE report ASF detected in wild boar.
Iceland OIE report scrapie.
Italy OIE report BTV (serotype 3) discovered in sheep and goats.
Italy OIE report Koi herpesvirus in the Piemonte region.
Liechtenstein OIE report tularemia in brown hares.
Lithuania OIE report rabies identified in a red fox.
Moldova OIE report ASF. This was a sub-clinical infection in wild boar.
Portugal OIE report BTV4. This was discovered sheep and is the first report of serotype 4 since November 2013.
Portugal OIE report WNF.
Portugal OIE report 2 outbreaks of myxomatosis in Granada hares. The myxoma virus was detected during an ongoing surveillance program.
Romania OIE report ASF in Dimbovita.
Romania OIE report ASF in Arges.
Romania OIE report ASF in Vrancea.
Romania OIE report ASF in Teleman.
Romania OIE report European foulbrood of honey bees in Lasi.
Russia OIE report classical swine fever (CSF) identified in wild boar.
Sweden OIE report NVD.
Turkey OIE report WNF.
Ukraine OIE report ASF in Cherkassy.
Ukraine OIE report ASF in Lugansk.
Ukraine OIE report outbreaks of ASF in Zhitomir.
Ukraine OIE report new case of ASF in Chernovtsy.
Ukraine OIE report ASF.
Ukraine OIE report anthrax.
United Kingdom OIE report bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) case.

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Middle East

Iran OIE report 3 outbreaks of HPAI H5N8 3 East Azarbayejan.
Iran OIE report HPAI H5N8 in Tehran.
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North America

USA – Georgia A woman died from WNF.
USA – Minnesota OIE report low-pathogenic avian influenza (LPAI) H5N2. Routine surveillance detected LPAI in a commercial meat-type turkey flock.
USA – New York The New York State Department of Agriculture and Markets has reported 3 cases of WNF in horses during September 2018. This brings the total to 12 cases in 2018 in New York.
USA – Pennsylvania OIE report rabbit hemorrhagic disease (RHDV-1), which was identified in pet rabbits that died suddenly. The rabbits were housed in a barn. There have been no known wild rabbit deaths in the area.
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Oceania

Fiji OIE report varroosis of honey bees. This is the first occurrence of the disease in the country.
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South America

Brazil OIE report CSF. This is the country's first CSF case since 2009 and it was found about 500 km from the CSF-free zone.
Colombia OIE report 23 cases of FMD in swine in La Guajira, which 10 km from the Venezuela border.
Colombia OIE report FMD (serotype O) detected in a cow.
Colombia OIE report FMD (serotype O) within a containment zone.
Ecuador OIE report an outbreak of equine influenza (EI) after an equestrian event where horses were gathered for leisure activities.
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