Disease Reports of Note During Q1 2019

The following is a selection of reports through the press. This does not include all outbreaks. It should be noted that more reports will be expected from countries with better surveillance systems and frequency of reporting does not provide an indication of prevalence.

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Africa Asia Oceania Europe Middle East North America South America

Africa

Egypt OIE reported bluetongue (BTV) serotype 4. This is the first reported incursion of this serotype since 1974.
Egypt OIE reported highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N2 in Ad Daqahliyah, 10 birds affected.
Kenya   OIE reported Rift Valley fever (RVF) virus, two outbreaks in Murang'A (Kihingo) and Nyandarua (Shamata), 8 cattle and 1 sheep affected.
Morocco   OIE reported foot-and-mouth disease (FMD). Serotype not yet identified.
Nigeria OIE reported equine influenza (EI) A virus. The outbreak in Sokoto appears to involve a large number of donkeys, with a mortality rate of around 17%.
South Africa  Reports emerging of foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) in Limpopo. This has led to a temporary suspension of the country’s disease-free status. The virus was identified after farmers reported lameness in their cattle.
South Africa  OIE reported low pathogenic avian influenza (LPAI) virus H7N2, sub-clinical infection affecting 75 birds.
Swaziland   OIE reported avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum) in a breeder flock in Manzini, 284 chickens affected.
Uganda OIE reported foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) serotype A, affecting 15 cattle head in Nakaseke.
Zambia   OIE reported foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) serotype A, 282 cattle head affected. Suspect source is the illegal movement of animals.
Zimbabwe   OIE reported African swine fever (ASF) in free-range pigs. The area has been put under quarantine.
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Asia

Cambodia   OIE reported low pathogenic avian influenza (LPAI) virus H7N4, 30 cases were detected in 3 live bird markets during active surveillance.
China OIE reported African swine fever (ASF). Outbreak in Jiangsu with 2452 cases.
China OIE reported new cases of African swine fever (ASF), 44 cases in Gansu. Suspicion is that the outbreak is associated with swill feeding.
China   OIE reported African swine fever (ASF), 6 cases in Yunnan.
China OIE reported African swine fever (ASF) virus, 17 cases in Shandong.
China   OIE reported African swine fever (ASF) virus, 150 cases in Shaanxi.
China   OIE reported African swine fever (ASF) outbreak in Ningxia, 26 cases.
China   OIE reported African swine fever (ASF) in Hunan, 270 cases.
China OIE reported African swine fever (ASF) in Guangxi, 1629 cases.
China OIE reported African swine fever (ASF), 107 cases in Hebei.
China OIE reported African swine fever (ASF), 9 cases in Chongking.
China   OIE reported highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) virus H7N9 in Liaoning, 9 cases in Indian peafowl.
India OIE reported highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) virus H5N1, outbreak in Jharkhand, 26 cases.
India   OIE reported highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) infection of non-poultry in India. H5N1 detected in crow and Indian peafowl.
Korea, Rep. of  OIE reported foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) in the Republic of Korea, serotype O identified in cattle in Gyeonggi-Do.
Laos   OIE reported porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) in Laos. The last report of PRRS in Laos was in 2010.
Mongolia OIE reported African swine fever (ASF), 85 cases found in Bulgan. This is the first occurrence of ASF in the country.
Nepal   OIE reported H5N1 highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI), 2 outbreaks, 12,369 birds affected.
Nepal OIE reported highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) virus H5N1 in house crow, outbreak in Bagmati, 200 cases.
Pakistan   OIE reported highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI). Influenza A H5N8 virus was found in swan, duck, guineafowl, and crow.
Singapore OIE reported caprine arthritis encephalitis (CAEV), positive antibodies detected during surveillance, but no clinical signs seen.
Taiwan   OIE reported acute hepatopancreatic necrosis disease (AHPND) in whiteleg shrimp on a farm in Taitung County.
Vietnam OIE reported African swine fever (ASF), 75 cases in 3 outbreaks. This is the first occurrence of ASF in the country.
Vietnam OIE reported highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N6 in Quang Nam, 1350 cases.
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Europe

Armenia OIE reported a sub-clinical case of leishmaniosis in Siounik, one dog affected.
Belgium OIE reported bluetongue virus (BTV) serotype 8, infected carcasses were found in Luxembourg province.
Bulgaria OIE reported Newcastle disease (ND) virus in backyard birds in Kardzali (Panchevo), 91 cases.
Bulgaria  OIE reported equine infectious anaemia (EIA) in Pazardzik.
Bulgaria   OIE reported highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI).
Croatia  Croatia was declared free of lumpy skin disease (LSD) after a successful two-year vaccination campaign.
Denmark  OIE reported low pathogenic avian influenza (LPAI) virus in West (Terndrup, Rebild).
Denmark OIE reported highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N6. The virus was identified in a white-tailed eagle; as this does not involve poultry there are no implications for trade.
Denmark OIE reported infectious salmon anemia virus serotype HPR0. The case was detected in West. Suspected source was contact with wild species.
Denmark OIE reported low pathogenic avian influenza (LPAI) virus H7 in East.
Iceland OIE reported a case of scrapie.
Moldova  OIE reported African swine fever (ASF), 2 cases in U.T.A. Gagauzia.
Norway   OIE reported rabbit haemorrhagic disease.
Norway  OIE reported equine herpesvirus 1 in Hordaland, 8 cases. One of the horses with herpesvirus detected had participated in the Norwegian Horse Festival, Lillestrøm, in February this year.
Poland OIE reported bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) in Dolnoslaskie. This is an atypical type L case and, therefore, does not affect country status.
Romania OIE reported African swine fever (ASF), 2 cases in Covasna.
Romania  OIE reported anthrax in Vaslui, 2 cases.
Russia OIE reported foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) serotype O in Primorskiy Kray. Outbreak in swine, 433 cases.
Russia OIE reported Newcastle disease (ND).
Russia  OIE reported African swine fever (ASF) in Leningradskaya Oblast, a case in wild boar.
Russia OIE reported African swine fever (ASF) in Kaliningradskaya Oblast, in wild boar, 3 cases.
Russia OIE reported foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) serotype O in Zabajkal`Skij Kray.
Russia OIE reported lumpy skin disease (LSD), 5 cases in Udmurtskaya Respublika.
Russia OIE reported African swine fever (ASF) in Primorskiy Kray, 2 cases in wild boar.
Spain OIE detected bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) in a Holstein-like bred cow born on July 30, 2013. The sample was taken within the national TSE surveillance program and the tests confirmed atypical BSE (H type strain).
Ukraine OIE reported African swine fever (ASF), 7 cases in Dnepropetrovsk.
Ukraine  OIE reported a new case of African swine fever (ASF), 7 cases in Khar'Kov.
Ukraine OIE reported African swine fever (ASF) in wild boar, Zaporozh'Ye, 3 cases.
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Middle East

Iran   OIE reported highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI). Serotype H5N8 has been detected in Mazandaran. Protection and surveillance zones were put in operation with trace back and trace forward activities.
Iran OIE reported highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N8, 2 outbreaks in Mazandaran, 36,260 cases.
Iraq OIE reported koi herpes virus (KHV).
Iraq OIE reported highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N8.
Israel OIE reported infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex in an imported calf that was suspected to have the disease at the slaughterhouse in Hazafon. People who were in contact with the affected calf have been referred to the Ministry of Health.
Kuwait   OIE reported highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) virus H5N8, 3 cases in Al Farwaniyah.
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North America

Dominican Republic   OIE reported low pathogenic avian influenza (LPAI) H5N2, 773 cases in Puerto Plata.
Mexico OIE reported a pathogenic strain of Newcastle disease (ND), 4 outbreaks with a total of 135 cases.
Mexico   OIE reported equine encephalomyelitis (Western) (WEE) in Nayarit, 53 cases. The infection was caused by contact with wild species. Epidemiological surveillance has been strengthened at national level including monitoring wild birds, domestic birds, and mosquitoes, as well as surveillance in humans.
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Oceania

No reports available at this time.
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South America

Peru OIE reported equine infectious anaemia (EIA) in Lima.

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