Disease Reports of Note During Q1 2017

The following is a selection of reports through the press. This does not include all outbreaks. It should be noted that more reports will be expected from countries with better surveillance systems and frequency of reporting does not provide an indication of prevalence.

Special update:

Rapid spread of Avian Influenza
About 40 countries have reported new outbreaks of highly pathogenic avian influenza in poultry and wild birds since November 2016, according to The World Health Organization, with several strains spreading across Europe and Asia, resulting in massive poultry slaughters and human deaths in China. WHO is on "high alert" due to the rapid pace and expansive nature of these outbreaks. A call to monitor the disease and to report any human cases is to prevent a possible beginning of a flu pandemic, Reuters reported.

Click a region in the map below to filter the content.


Africa Asia Oceania Europe Middle East North America South America

Africa

Algeria

A 7-year-old girl died of rabies in Algiers. The girl was bitten by a dog more than 15 days before.

Algeria

Foot and mouth disease virus, serotype A, reported in cattle, new strain in the country.

Cameroon

OIE report highly pathogenic influenza virus H5N8 in birds, new strain of a listed disease in the country.

Nigeria

Highly pathogenic influenza A virus H5N8 found in birds, new strain in the country.

South Africa

Foot and mouth disease virus identified in cattle.

Uganda

Foot and mouth disease virus discovered in a cow.

Uganda

Highly pathogenic avian influenza A virus H5 detected in white-winged tern.

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Asia

Bangladesh

Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus H5N1 reported in birds.

Cambodia

Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus H5N1 detected in birds.

Cambodia

Report of low pathogenic avian influenza virus H7N3 in birds, first occurrence.

China

Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus H7N9 reported in birds.

China

Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus H7N9 reported in birds.

China

In January China reported fourth human death from bird flu, a 77-year-old man diagnosed with bird fly died later the same day. In February the health officials reported 3 new human cases of avian influenza H7N9. One of the 3 cases was in serious condition.

China

Outbreak of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus H5N8 in black swan.

China

OIE reported an outbreak of foot and mouth disease, serotype O virus found in cattle and sheep.

India

Outbreak of highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N1.

India

Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus H5N8 reported in graylag goose.

Malaysia

Highly pathogenic influenza A virus, H5N1, reported by the OIE.

Mongolia

Peste des petits ruminants virus found in Mongolian saiga.

Myanmar

The first highly pathogenic avian influenza outbreak has been reported. The H5N6 virus has been confirmed in chickens imported from China. The H5N6 report from Myanmar comes just days after Taiwan noted its first H5N6 finding, signifying increasing spread of the virus in Asia.

Nepal

Highly pathogenic influenza A virus, H5N1, detected in whooper swan and Asian openbill.

South Korea

Foot and mouth disease, serotype A, has been confirmed by OIE.

South Korea

Avian Influenza has been confirmed on Jeju Island - the highly pathogenic H5N6 strain of the virus was detected in dead ducks found at the Hwangsu Reservoir in Jeju City. The area covers around 30 farms that raise some 400-thousand chickens. Over 30 million chickens and other birds have been culled so far as a result of Korea's worst ever outbreak of AI.

Taiwan

OIE report highly pathogenic influenza virus H5N6 in birds, new strain of a listed disease in the country.

Taiwan

Four new cases of the highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N2 virus were confirmed across the country, bringing the total number of poultry farms infected this year to 57.

Vietnam

Reoccurrence of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus H7N1 reported in birds.

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Europe

Albania Lumpy skin disease outbreaks continue to be observed up to February 2017.
Belgium Highly pathogenic influenza A virus H5N8 found in mallard, black swan and common pheasant.
Bosnia and Herzegovina Highly pathogenic influenza A virus H5N8 found in mute swan.
Bosnia and Herzegovina Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus H5 detected in birds.
Croatia OIE reported four outbreak of severe avian influenza H5N5 virus has been reported among poultry in farms and backyards in the north of the country.
Czech Republic Highly pathogenic influenza A virus H5N5 reported in graylag goose, new strain of a listed disease in the country.
Denmark Four outbreaks of highly pathogenic influenza virus H5N8 reported.
Denmark Faeroe Islands: detection of infectious salmon anaemia virus in Atlantic salmon.
France A case of bovine Bluetongue, serotype 8, has been reported near Cambrai, nearly 40 km from the border with Belgium.
Germany OIE reported an outbreak of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus H5N5 in birds.
Germany Three outbreaks of low pathogenic avian influenza virus H5N3.
Germany Equine infectious anaemia virus detected.
Greece OIE alert first case of lumpy skin disease in Greece this year. The new outbreak is the 1st one on the Ionian Islands, on Greece's northwest facing southwest Albania. It has been reported after an absence of positive cases in Greece since 28 Nov 2016.
Greece Three outbreaks of Capripoxvirus in goats and sheep have been reported by the OIE.
Greece New strains of highly pathogenic influenza viruses reported: outbreaks have been of H5N5, H5N6 and H5N8 strains.
Hungary New case of rabies diagnosed in a red fox in Hungary.
Hungary OIE reported rabies in a goat. The virus was identified 800m from a red fox case that was reported approximately 3 weeks earlier.
Italy Reoccurrence of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus H5N8 reported by the OIE.
Ireland Two separate cases of the Schmallenberg virus (SBV) infection have been found in aborted bovine foetuses. These are the 1st virus positive cases confirmed in Ireland since the spring of 2013.
Ireland OIE reported BSE prion in cattle. All the samples, taken from Aberdeen Angus female, had an identical molecular pattern indicating atypical L Type BSE.
Ireland Highly pathogenic influenza A virus H5N8 reported in Eurasian wigeon.
Kazakhstan OIE confirmed 3 cases of rabies in golden jackal.
Kazakhstan Highly pathogenic influenza A virus H5N8 has been confirmed in an outbreak that was initially reported as involving a wild bird that tested positive for an H5 virus.
Latvia A large pig farm has been affected by African swine fever outbreak, 10,000 animals have been slaughtered.
Lithuania Highly pathogenic influenza A virus H5N8 reported in mute swan, first occurrence in the country.
Macedonia First occurrence of highly pathogenic influenza A virus H5 in birds, detection in mallard.
Macedonia Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus H5N8 reported in birds.
Moldova OIE report a recurrence of African swine fever virus.
Norway Infection with Marteilia refringens reported in blue mussel, being the first occurrence in the country.
Poland African Swine Fever spreading at 1-2km per month in Baltics and Poland.
Poland OIE report of a highly pathogenic influenza A virus H5N5 in mute swan, new strain in the country.
Portugal Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus H5N8 reported in grey heron.
Russia OIE reports African swine fever, first occurrence.
Russia A large part of Russian territory has once again been recognized as free of foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) by the OIE following the steps taken during a recent outbreak of the disease.
Russia Reoccurrence of highly pathogenic influenza A virus H5, outbreaks in mute swan.
Serbia OIE report of a highly pathogenic influenza A virus H5N5 in mute swan, new strain of a listed disease in the country.
Slovakia Two outbreaks of highly pathogenic influenza A virus H5N8 have been reported: in mute swan and Muscovy Duck.
Slovenia Detection of highly pathogenic influenza A virus H5N5 in mute swan, OIE reports a new strain of a listed disease.
Slovenia Three outbreaks of highly pathogenic influenza A virus H5N8 in mute swan.
Spain Report of BSE detected in Spain in a 14 year old cow during routine testing.
Spain Highly pathogenic influenza virus H5N8 reported, new strain in the country.
Ukraine OIE reported new African swine fever outbreaks. The country is facing an increase in the number of cases: since begin of 2017 at least 55 outbreaks have been reported, including both domestic pigs and wild boars. The number of outbreaks in Ukraine is growing every year, with 91 outbreaks in 2016, 40 in 2015 and only 16 reported in 2014.
Ukraine Two outbreaks of highly pathogenic influenza virus H5N8 reported, new strain in the country.
United Kingdom A severe strain of avian influenza, H5N8, has been found in wild and captive birds.
United Kingdom Two cases of deadly Schmallenberg virus has been confirmed in malformed lambs in Scotland, near the border with England.
United Kingdom Schmallenberg virus has been detected in lambs on holdings in the North East of England, as well as in North Yorkshire, Wales, the South East and South West.
United Kingdom A case of avian influenza has been confirmed in North Yorkshire and restrictions are in place.
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Middle East

Israel OIE reported foot and mouth disease virus of serotype O, outbreak in cattle.
Israel Sheep pox virus reported by the OIE.
Jordan Three outbreaks of Foot and mouth disease virus, serotype O, in sheep, goats and cattle.
Kuwait Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus H5N8 reported in birds.
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North America

El Salvador A case of rabies occurred in a cat of unknown age. The animal attacked 2 people.
US – Alabama Guinea fowl tested positive for highly pathogenic avian influenza virus.
US – Georgia A case of avian influenza has been discovered in Georgia for the first time this year. The virus was identified during a routine screening at industrial-scale chicken facilities.
US – Montana Highly pathogenic influenza A virus H5N2 reported in mallard.
US – New York Hundreds of domestic cats have been quarantined in New York City after contracting a strain of highly contagious avian flu at animal shelters, and the virus also infected at least one veterinarian. The H7N2 strain is commonly found in birds and does not infect domestic cats. This type of avian influenza virus can mutate and transfer onto mammals such as cats. It could infect other mammals as well, including humans.
US – Tennessee A second case of highly pathogenic H7N9 avian influenza has been confirmed in a commercial breeder flock.
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Oceania

Australia Six outbreaks of rotavirus have been reported in pigeon.
Australia West Nile virus has had been detected in a sentinel chicken flock at Shepparton.
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South America

No reports available at this time.

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