Disease Reports of Note Q2 2016

The following is a selection of reports through the press.  This does not include all outbreaks.  It should be noted that more reports will be expected from countries with better surveillance systems, and frequency of reporting does not provide an indication of prevalence.

Click a region in the map below to filter the content.


Africa Asia Oceania Europe Middle East North America South America

Africa

Angola

Outbreak of Foot-and-mouth disease in a herd of unvaccinated cattle.

Botswana

Bluetongue outbreak in sheep.

Cameroon

Outbreak of Avian Influenza H5N1 on a poultry farm; 15,000 deaths.

Ghana

Cases of Avian Influenza confirmed at a poultry farm.

Kenya

African Swine fever virus detected in swine.

Mozambique

Foot-and-mouth disease reported in cattle; SAT2 strain. The current drought situation in the region is contributing to the concentration of a high number of stock in a few water bodies, and increasing the movement of susceptible animals and interactions with wildlife species.

Namibia

A new round of Foot-and-mouth disease has broken out in 11 villages in the northern region. The recurrence comes just four months after Namibia was declared FMD−free.

Niger

Highly pathogenic H5N1 Avian Influenza virus in birds.

Nigeria

Cases of Foot-and-mouth disease reported.

South Africa

Two cases of African Horse Sickness confirmed.

South Africa

Two separate cases of African Swine fever reported on pig farms.

Uganda

Rift Valley fever virus detected in goats.

Uganda

Human cases of hemorrhagic Rift Valley fever were reported in Kabale district, barely 2 months after it was declared free of the epidemic. One person was admitted at the hospital after developing signs and symptoms; the samples were confirmed positive. This is the 2nd outbreak of the Rift Valley fever in Uganda in less than 2 months.

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Asia

Cambodia

Highly pathogenic Avian Influenza (H5N1) outbreak in backyard chickens and ducks.

China

Low pathogenic Avian Influenza virus H7N9 reported in Hong Kong, detected in a sample of faecal droppings of live poultry during a routine check.

China

China has reported a total of six human cases of Avian Influenza A(H7N9).

China

A human case of H9N2 Avian Influenza reported in a child.

China

H5N1 Avian Influenza reported in two African lions at Hubei Zoo.

Kazakhstan

Haemorrhagic septicaemia reported in cattle.

Kazakhstan

Anthrax reported in cattle and equidae.

India

Outbreak of highly pathogenic Avian Influenza virus H5N1; 8200 deaths.

Maldives

Outbreak of Peste des Petits Ruminants virus in goats.

Myanmar

Highly pathogenic Avian Influenza virus H5 reported; strain was not specified. Nearly 500 birds were destroyed.

South Korea

A case of swine fever has been discovered on a hog farm, the first in the country since 2013.

Taiwan

A new bird flu case reported in Taipei. A chicken farm was infected with the H5 Avian Influenza virus.

Turkey

A joint real-scale simulation exercise on Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) was performed to maintain the response skills of the veterinary services and to revise plans of disease-free status.

Vietnam

A new outbreak of H5N1 highly pathogenic Avian Influenza has been reported.

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Europe

Bulgaria

Outbreak of Lumpy Skin disease in cattle. This is the first occurrence of the disease in the country. (Published as breaking news in Issue 2.)

Croatia

Koi herpesvirus disease reported in carp.

Finland

First occurrence of Rabbit Haemorrhagic Disease Virus (RHDV) in the country.

France

More outbreaks of Bluetongue virus have been reported in France.

Italy

Highly pathogenic Avian Influenza H7N7 has been confirmed in a commercial layer flock in the northern part of the country.

Lithuania

More African Swine Fever (ASF) has been reported in wild boar.

Macedonia

First outbreaks of Lumpy Skin disease in the country. A total of 14 outbreaks have been reported. In the absence of preventive vaccination, LSD is likely to continue its spread in western and northern directions, threatening other Balkan countries.

Malta

European foulbrood of honey bees reported.

Netherlands

Low pathogenic Avian Influenza virus H7N9 reported. 44,630 birds destroyed.

Poland

One outbreak of African Swine fever was reported in wild boar, close to the border with Belarus.

Portugal

Simulation exercise on Foot-and-mouth disease has been held to train veterinary services for a hypothetical FMD occurrence.

Romania

Newcastle disease virus reported in birds.

Russia

Outbreak of Lumpy Skin disease in cattle; 478 cases.

Russia

Highly pathogenic Avian Influenza virus detected in wild birds during monitoring of an ornithofauna. The isolates belonged to the Asian HPAI virus H5 lineage A/Guandong/1/96.

Serbia

First Lumpy Skin disease outbreak in cattle.

Switzerland

Rabbit Haemorrhagic Disease Virus reported. Virus Type 2; four outbreaks.

Ukraine

Anthrax virus detected in swine.

Ukraine

Outbreaks of African Swine fever virus reported in pigs.

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Middle East

Iraq Highly pathogenic Avian Influenza virus H5N1 reported; six outbreaks throughout the country. Over 600,000 birds destroyed.
Lebanon

Highly pathogenic Avian Influenza virus H5N1 reported. 20,000 birds died; 60,000 destroyed. 

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North America

USA – California

First birds infected with West Nile virus found this year. The virus has been reported in crows. Samples of mosquitoes tested positive for WNV in different counties.

USA – Colorado

Human West Nile virus case reported.

USA – Florida

A horse tested positive for West Nile virus and for Eastern equine encephalitis (EEE).

USA – Illinois

The state has recorded the first human case of West Nile virus in 2016. In 2015 Illinois had 77 cases, out of which came 9 deaths.

USA – Illinois

A batch of mosquitoes tested positive for West Nile virus.

USA – Mississippi

First human cases of West Nile virus confirmed in 2016. Four cases reported this year so far. In 2015, the state had 38 WNV cases and one death.

USA –Missouri

Low pathogenic Avian Influenza H5N1 in birds.

USA – Nebraska

A person tested positive for West Nile virus; first human case this season.

USA – Oklahoma

Mosquito carrying West Nile virus found in Tulsa.

USA – Pennsylvania

Two pools of mosquitos and one resident of the state tested positive for West Nile virus.

USA – South Carolina

Two people are being treated for rabies after being bitten by a fox that subsequently tested positive for the disease.

USA – South Dakota

The state has its first confirmed human case of West Nile virus this year. The first West Nile virus detection this season was in a mosquito pool.

USA – Texas

Human case of West Nile virus reported; first case in Texas. Mosquito traps tested positive for WNV.

USA – Wisconsin  

Officials reported first bird that has tested positive for West Nile virus.

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Oceania

Australia

A simulation exercise has taken place in the State of Western Australia, based on a Foot-and-mouth disease scenario.

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South America

Mexico A new outbreak of highly pathogenic avian influenza (H7N3 strain) has been reported at a commercial layers farm.

Nicaragua

Small hive beetle infestation (Aethina tumida) in beehives.

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