Corner device.
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33
Total Reported Outbreaks
11
Total Affected Countries
2
Total Affected Species
Key Facts
Clinical Signs
Treatment and Management
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Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is a highly infectious viral disease that affects cloven-hooved animals, including cattle, sheep and pigs.

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Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD)

FMD is endemic in various parts of the world, whilst others are FMD-free (e.g. Europe and North America) or working towards eradication (e.g. South America).  Find out where the latest reported outbreaks are with this map. 

Key Facts
Clinical Signs

FMD is a very painful disease that causes blisters and sores on feet, in the mouth and on teats. Other clinical signs include fever, depression, anorexia, lower milk production, salivation, lameness and abortion. There are differences in clinical signs between affected species.

Treatment

As a viral disease, there is no specific and effective treatment for FMD-infected animals. Control and prevention methods, such as biosecurity, vaccination and movement restrictions are important.

Management

Biosecurity is critical in the control and prevention of FMD. This is because the FMD virus is very contagious, which is because it is very persistent in the environment, only requires small amounts to infect animals, and is produced in large amounts by those that become infected. Prompt reporting of possible outbreaks and animal movement restrictions are also important in stopping the spread of FMD.

Cattle in a field
Focus on…
Focus On… Foot and Mouth Disease — The perspective from an endemic setting
The persistent degradation of animal productivity from endemic foot and mouth disease (FMD) has disproportionate impacts on the rural poor. Ashley Railey and Tiziana Lembo discuss the challenges, approaches and…
Latest Articles and Events
Knowledge Hub
Event Report - Global Foot-and-Mouth Disease Research Alliance (GFRA), Thailand 2019
The latest Scientific Meeting of the Global Foot-and-Mouth disease Research Alliance (GFRA) gathered the FMD community for two days of talks and presentations in Bangkok, Thailand 29th – 31st October this year.
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Podcast Episode 2 - The One About GFRA
In this episode we talk to Kasia Bankowska about her experiences at the recent Global Foot and Mouth Research Alliance meeting in Bangkok, we hear from Keith Sumption of the EuFMD about their upcoming Vaccine Security meeting, and Anthony Chadwick of Webinar Vet about the rabies focus in the upcoming Virtual Congress.
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Podcast Episode 4 - The One About Vaccine Security
John Atkinson and Alasdair King talk about their experience at the recent EuFMD Vaccine Security meeting, we interview Polly Compston about her PhD in Kenya looking at motivators for FMD vaccination, and we announce the first recipients of the Rabies Hero Awards.
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Reports - GFRA - 2018 FMD Gap Analysis
GFRA - 2018 FMD Gap Analysis PDF
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Website - GFRA - Global Foot-and-Mouth Disease Alliance
GFRA - Global Foot-and-Mouth Disease Alliance
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Website - FAO - European Commission for the Control of Foot-and-Mouth Disease (EuFMD)
FAO - European Commission for the Control of Foot-and-Mouth Disease (EuFMD)
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Website - FAO - EuFMD Knowledge Bank
FAO - EuFMD Knowledge Bank
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Website - EuFMD - Join EuFMD online networks
EuFMD - Join EuFMD online networks
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Latest Scientific Papers

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