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Total Reported Outbreaks
Total Affected Countries
Total Affected Species
Key Facts
Clinical Signs
Treatment and Management
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Rabies is one of the most lethal viruses on earth, with almost 60,000 people dying of this terrible disease every year. Almost half of these deaths are children, mostly in Africa and Asia. However, rabies is preventable and there is a global goal of achieving zero human dog-mediated rabies deaths by 2030.

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Asia and Africa are the main regions affected by rabies in dogs, whilst wildlife may be affected in many parts of the world. Find out where the latest reported outbreaks are with this map.

Key Facts
Clinical Signs

Clinical signs in dogs with rabies include aggression/unusual behaviour, excessive salivation, and choking/gagging. In animals and humans the disease is 100% fatal once clinical signs/symptoms occur. As such rabies has one of the highest mortality rates of any disease.


Prevention is the key to controlling and eliminating rabies, with dog vaccination the main tool. People that are bitten by a dog should take appropriate action to wash and clean the wound and seek medical attention.


The disease is 100% preventable. In recent decades countries across Latin America and the Caribbean have made strides towards rabies elimination, and in November 2019, Mexico proved that human canine-mediated deaths can be eliminated when it became the first country in the world to obtain WHO validation for no human rabies deaths. Mexico achieved this by having a national rabies strategy based on mass dog vaccination, raising public awareness, and post-exposure prophylaxis. The cooperation of human and animal health sectors is important in achieving rabies elimination, and rabies is a good example of how a One Health approach can be very effective.

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Focus On… Rabies elimination – lessons from experts on the ground
Canine transmitted rabies has plagued the Earth since antiquity. The target date for the global elimination of this disease has been set by the international community at 2030.
Latest Articles and Events
Knowledge Hub
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Animation - Rabies 360 Challenge
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In this episode we talk to Daniel Stewart, an animal behaviourist, to hear how understanding dog behaviour is important in the battle to control rabies. We also talk to John Atkinson about the new and updated emergence website
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Podcast Episode 7 - The One About The Fellowship
We discuss a rabies project in India with two MSD employees who went out there in 2019 to assist as part of an MSD Fellowship program, and we learn about how it impacted their lives as well as their ideas for sustainable rabies control.
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Rabies webinar: wild rabies (Amazon region)
Now available in English, Spanish and Portuguese. Watch the excellent webinar on wild rabies focusing on the Amazon region given by expert Sergio Recuenco.
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Rabies webinar: elimination of canine rabies
Now available in English, Spanish and Portuguese. Watch this excellent webinar on the elimination of canine rabies given by world expert Professor Sarah Cleaveland.
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Webinar - Rabies - (Portuguese language) New paradigms in the prevention and control of wild rabies, and emerging risks (Amazon region) by Sergio Recuenco
Rabies - New paradigms in the prevention and control of wild rabies, and emerging risks (Amazon region) by Sergio Recuenco (Portuguese language)
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