Peste Des Petits Ruminants (PPR) - Emergence - Your Guide to Transboundary & Emerging Diseases
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Total Reported Outbreaks
Total Affected Countries
Total Affected Species
Key Facts
Clinical Signs
Treatment and Management
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Also known as sheep and goat plague, Peste des Petits Ruminants (PPR) is a highly contagious viral disease that has a disproportionate effect on the poorest farmers in the world, with 330 million farmers in Africa and Asia directly relying on sheep and goats. It has been estimated that the disease is causing between $1.45 billion to $2.1 billion in losses each year.

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Peste Des Petits Ruminants (PPR)

Over 70 countries are now affected by PPR and it threatens to spread into many more. Find out where the latest reported outbreaks are with this map. 

Key Facts
Clinical Signs

PPR is associated with a range of clinical signs including sudden onset fever, nasal discharge, oral lesions, abortion and death. As these signs are non-specific, PPR may resemble other diseases such as FMD.


PPR is caused by a virus and there is no specific treatment for it. Focus must be on prevention, particularly vaccination.


Quarantine, movement restrictions, and cleaning and disinfection may be used in the event of outbreaks. With 80% of the world’s sheep and goats coming from those regions impacted the most by PPR, this growing threat means that millions of small ruminants are now considered at risk. There is a global strategy for the eradication of PPR, developed in conjunction with OIE and FAO, which involves vaccination and is targeting PPR-freedom by 2030.

Sheep in a field, with one central sheep staring straight at the camera
Focus on…
Focus On…the Management of Peste des Petits Ruminants (PPR) in Morocco
Back in 2008, Morocco saw its first outbreak of PPR affecting herds of great importance to the Maghreb region. In addition to sanitary measures, vaccination has been indispensable for the…
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A Culture of Well-being, for People and Animals
Today, we are delighted to share with you stories of some impressive efforts to help improve the lives of people and animals on our planet. On World Health Day, 7th April, the global community reflects on ways to keep humans healthy, now and in the future. Inspired by this year's theme “Our planet, our health”, we look at three areas where the interconnection between people, animals, and the environment plays a significant role in creating a society that is truly focused on the well-being of all. We believe that the One Health approach can make a real difference in some of the most intricate global issues: preventing animal disease helps to fight the threat of hunger, keeping dogs healthy helps people to protect endangered species, and, saves humans from deadly zoonosis….  Spotlight on: PPR control in Morocco Our latest ‘Focus On…’ article is a spotlight on Morocco and the country’s journey in managing Peste des Petits Ruminants (PPR), an infectious disease of sheep and goats that threatens the livelihoods of millions of people who rely on their animals for subsistence. Dr Tarik Embarki takes us back to Morocco’s first outbreak of PPR drawing a picture of the control efforts to date. Dr Tarik Embarki during the PPR vaccination campaign in Morocco, 2020 Protecting rhinos in South Africa Moving down to the southern end of the continent, we deep dive into a rhino protection program in the South African wilderness. In an eye-opening conversation with Captain Carl Thornton, in this episode of the emergence podcast, we learn about the anti-poaching efforts and the incredible role the dogs play in saving animals endangered with extinction. This exclusive interview is a vivid account of what it takes to protect wildlife. Capt. Thornton tells a compelling story about the beauty of working side by side with the man’s best friend while facing the dangers of poacher chasing. If you are more of a visual person, make sure to read Painting the Picture of Rhino Protection in South Africa, which follows on from this amazing conversation. Rhinos in South Africa. Photo by Tom Strydom. Animal welfare pioneer Dr Mo receives Rabies Hero Award Finally, we want to drive your attention to the latest recipient of our Rabies Hero Award. Dr Abdul Jalil Mohammadzai has been recognized for his groundbreaking achievements in developing programs for mass rabies vaccination in Afghanistan. A real animal welfare champion who played an instrumental role in raising veterinary care standards in Kabul. We are delighted to name him our #RabiesHero. Visit the Rabies Hero Awards wall of fame to learn more about his work.  Dr Mo vaccinating dogs in Kabul. There is a lot we can do to help protect all life on our planet, and these are just a few examples. Wildlife conservation, humane dog handling in rabies control, and vaccinating sheep herds to help build sustainable communities, are all part of a culture of well-being, helping to build a healthier world.
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Focus On…the Management of Peste des Petits Ruminants (PPR) in Morocco
Back in 2008, Morocco saw its first outbreak of PPR affecting herds of great importance to the Maghreb region. In addition to sanitary measures, vaccination has been indispensable for the success of the efforts to stop the spread of disease in the Moroccan territory.
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