Peste Des Petits Ruminants (PPR) - Emergence - Your Guide to Transboundary & Emerging Diseases
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Total Reported Outbreaks
Total Affected Countries
Total Affected Species
Key Facts
Clinical Signs
Treatment and Management
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Also known as sheep and goat plague, Peste des Petits Ruminants (PPR) is a highly contagious viral disease that has a disproportionate effect on the poorest farmers in the world, with 330 million farmers in Africa and Asia directly relying on sheep and goats. It has been estimated that the disease is causing between $1.45 billion to $2.1 billion in losses each year.

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Peste Des Petits Ruminants (PPR)

Over 70 countries are now affected by PPR and it threatens to spread into many more. Find out where the latest reported outbreaks are with this map. 

Key Facts
Clinical Signs

PPR is associated with a range of clinical signs including sudden onset fever, nasal discharge, oral lesions, abortion and death. As these signs are non-specific, PPR may resemble other diseases such as FMD.


PPR is caused by a virus and there is no specific treatment for it. Focus must be on prevention, particularly vaccination.


Quarantine, movement restrictions, and cleaning and disinfection may be used in the event of outbreaks. With 80% of the world’s sheep and goats coming from those regions impacted the most by PPR, this growing threat means that millions of small ruminants are now considered at risk. There is a global strategy for the eradication of PPR, developed in conjunction with OIE and FAO, which involves vaccination and is targeting PPR-freedom by 2030.

Sheep in a field, with one central sheep staring straight at the camera
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Focus On… Peste des Petits Ruminants – understanding the disease
For the first edition we will consider Peste des Petits Ruminants as this disease has received increasing attention over the last year.
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