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Total Reported Outbreaks
Total Affected Countries
Total Affected Species
Key Facts
Clinical Signs
Treatment and Management
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Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is a highly infectious viral disease that affects cloven-hooved animals, including cattle, sheep and pigs.

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Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD)

FMD is endemic in various parts of the world, whilst others are FMD-free (e.g. Europe and North America) or working towards eradication (e.g. South America).  Find out where the latest reported outbreaks are with this map. 

Key Facts
Clinical Signs

FMD is a very painful disease that causes blisters and sores on feet, in the mouth and on teats. Other clinical signs include fever, depression, anorexia, lower milk production, salivation, lameness and abortion. There are differences in clinical signs between affected species.


As a viral disease, there is no specific and effective treatment for FMD-infected animals. Control and prevention methods, such as biosecurity, vaccination and movement restrictions are important.


Biosecurity is critical in the control and prevention of FMD. This is because the FMD virus is very contagious, which is because it is very persistent in the environment, only requires small amounts to infect animals, and is produced in large amounts by those that become infected. Prompt reporting of possible outbreaks and animal movement restrictions are also important in stopping the spread of FMD.

Cattle in a field
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Focus On… Tracking the movement of livestock – developing strategic interventions for infectious disease control in East Africa
Latest Articles and Events
Knowledge Hub
Podcast Episode 12 - The One About One Health
On One Health Day this emergence episode talks to Drs Tiziana Lembo and Divine Ekwem from Glasgow University about their project in Tanzania looking at Foot and Mouth Disease and impact at the community level, Dr Jenifer Chatfield Of Vet Candy about her experiences with One Health, and we announce the winners of this years World Rabies Day Awards.
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New podcast: The One About One Health
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Leavepiece - International Veterinary Health (IVH) team of MSD Animal Health
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Focus On... Tracking the movement of livestock – developing strategic interventions for infectious disease control in East Africa
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Podcast Episode 5 - The One About FMD in Africa
A chat with Jef Hammond about FMD in Africa and his role as consultant for the AgResults FMD Vaccine Challenge. We do go down a bit of a rabbit hole getting distracted by other things "FMD" but pull it back on topic.
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Event Report - Global Foot-and-Mouth Disease Research Alliance (GFRA), Thailand 2019
The latest Scientific Meeting of the Global Foot-and-Mouth disease Research Alliance (GFRA) gathered the FMD community for two days of talks and presentations in Bangkok, Thailand 29th – 31st October this year.
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Podcast Episode 2 - The One About GFRA
In this episode we talk to Kasia Bankowska about her experiences at the recent Global Foot and Mouth Research Alliance meeting in Bangkok, we hear from Keith Sumption of the EuFMD about their upcoming Vaccine Security meeting, and Anthony Chadwick of Webinar Vet about the rabies focus in the upcoming Virtual Congress.
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Podcast Episode 4 - The One About Vaccine Security
John Atkinson and Alasdair King talk about their experience at the recent EuFMD Vaccine Security meeting, we interview Polly Compston about her PhD in Kenya looking at motivators for FMD vaccination, and we announce the first recipients of the Rabies Hero Awards.
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