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8
Total Reported Outbreaks
7
Total Affected Countries
7
Total Affected Species
Key Facts
Clinical Signs
Treatment and Management
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Rabies is one of the most lethal viruses on earth, with almost 60,000 people dying of this terrible disease every year. Almost half of these deaths are children, mostly in Africa and Asia. However, rabies is preventable and there is a global goal of achieving zero human dog-mediated rabies deaths by 2030.

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Rabies

Asia and Africa are the main regions affected by rabies in dogs, whilst wildlife may be affected in many parts of the world. Find out where the latest reported outbreaks are with this map.

Key Facts
Clinical Signs

Clinical signs in dogs with rabies include aggression/unusual behaviour, excessive salivation, and choking/gagging. In animals and humans the disease is 100% fatal once clinical signs/symptoms occur. As such rabies has one of the highest mortality rates of any disease.

Treatment

Prevention is the key to controlling and eliminating rabies, with dog vaccination the main tool. People that are bitten by a dog should take appropriate action to wash and clean the wound and seek medical attention.

Management

The disease is 100% preventable. In recent decades countries across Latin America and the Caribbean have made strides towards rabies elimination, and in November 2019, Mexico proved that human canine-mediated deaths can be eliminated when it became the first country in the world to obtain WHO validation for no human rabies deaths. Mexico achieved this by having a national rabies strategy based on mass dog vaccination, raising public awareness, and post-exposure prophylaxis. The cooperation of human and animal health sectors is important in achieving rabies elimination, and rabies is a good example of how a One Health approach can be very effective.

Stray dog in street
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Focus On… Rabies elimination – lessons from experts on the ground
Canine transmitted rabies has plagued the Earth since antiquity. The target date for the global elimination of this disease has been set by the international community at 2030.
Latest Articles and Events
Knowledge Hub
Focus On... Building of a Network of Rabies "Champions"
Rabies is a lethal encephalitis due to a lyssavirus mainly transmitted to humans by the bite or scratches of terrestrial carnivores (principally domestic dogs).
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Rabies Elimination – What Will It Take?
It’s difficult to know just how many people die from rabies every year. Numbers such as 60,000 or 70,000 are often quoted.
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Event Report - Rabies in The Americas (RITA), USA 2019
The annual Rabies in The Americas (RITA) conference took place in Kansas City, USA, from 27th October to 1st November 2019.
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Event Report - Pasteur Institut Rabies Workshop, Morocco 2019
The latest of the excellent rabies training courses organised by Institut Pasteur took place between 17th-27th September 2019 in Morocco.
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Mission Rabies_msdah_video
MSD Animal Health's 'Mission Rabies' video
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Podcast Episode 4 - The One About Vaccine Security
John Atkinson and Alasdair King talk about their experience at the recent EuFMD Vaccine Security meeting, we interview Polly Compston about her PhD in Kenya looking at motivators for FMD vaccination, and we announce the first recipients of the Rabies Hero Awards.
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Podcast Episode 1 - The One About RITA
During this first episode we hear from John Atkinson of MSD Animal Health and Lea Knopf of the WHO of their experiences at the recent Rabies in the Americas conference. We also discuss some of the possible impacts of the spread of African Swine Fever.
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Newsletter - FAO - Empres 2018 Rabies Elimination
FAO Newsletter Empres 2018 - Rabies Elimination
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