Rabies - Emergence - Your Guide to Transboundary & Emerging Diseases
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12
Total Reported Outbreaks
10
Total Affected Countries
7
Total Affected Species
Key Facts
Clinical Signs
Treatment and Management
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Rabies is one of the most lethal viruses on earth, with almost 60,000 people dying of this terrible disease every year. Almost half of these deaths are children, mostly in Africa and Asia. However, rabies is preventable and there is a global goal of achieving zero human dog-mediated rabies deaths by 2030.

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Rabies

Asia and Africa are the main regions affected by rabies in dogs, whilst wildlife may be affected in many parts of the world. Find out where the latest reported outbreaks are with this map.

Key Facts
Clinical Signs

Clinical signs in dogs with rabies include aggression/unusual behaviour, excessive salivation, and choking/gagging. In animals and humans the disease is 100% fatal once clinical signs/symptoms occur. As such rabies has one of the highest mortality rates of any disease.

Treatment

Prevention is the key to controlling and eliminating rabies, with dog vaccination the main tool. People that are bitten by a dog should take appropriate action to wash and clean the wound and seek medical attention.

Management

The disease is 100% preventable. In recent decades countries across Latin America and the Caribbean have made strides towards rabies elimination, and in November 2019, Mexico proved that human canine-mediated deaths can be eliminated when it became the first country in the world to obtain WHO validation for no human rabies deaths. Mexico achieved this by having a national rabies strategy based on mass dog vaccination, raising public awareness, and post-exposure prophylaxis. The cooperation of human and animal health sectors is important in achieving rabies elimination, and rabies is a good example of how a One Health approach can be very effective.

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Focus On…Dog Bites and How to Prevent Them
Latest Articles and Events
Knowledge Hub
Podcast Episode 2 - 2021 - The One About Paraprofessionals
A discussion with Mr Benson Ameda about the role of paraprofessionals for animal health in Africa. Acronyms: OIE: World Organisation for Animal Health SDG: Sustainable Development Goals
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Rabies Hero Dr. Charles E. Rupprecht - work in pictures
Here's an impression of some of the activities of our Rabies Hero Dr. Charles E. Rupprecht in India, the United states and Taiwan. Dr. Charles E. Rupprecht - investigating a rabid dog bite to a child in a local neighborhood, India. Dr. Charles E. Rupprecht - oral vaccination of free-ranging dogs, Navajo Nation reservation in Arizona. Dr. Charles E. Rupprecht conducting a necropsy with colleagues on a rabid ferret badger, Taiwan. Read more about the Rabies Heroes here.
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Rabies Hero Dr. Beatriz Quiambao – work in pictures
Have a look at some of the work of our Rabies Hero Dr. Beatriz Quiambao in the form of photos, such as training, field work, dog vaccination, research collaboration and international meetings she engaged in. AnimalBite training Rabies lab diagnosis Dog vaccination campaign Dog transport vehicle Signing of research collaboration for the JAPOHR project Field activity Field activity Field activity Waiting area for animal bite clinic WHO rabies expert panel Asian Rabies Advisory group of experts Read more about the Rabies Heroes here.
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Welcoming 2021
Welcome to a new edition of emergence and the beginning of a new year.  This always seems a natural time to reflect, both on what has happened in the last year and also on hopes for the coming one. Welcome to a new edition of emergence and the beginning of a new year.  This always seems a natural time to reflect, both on what has happened in the last year and also on hopes for the coming one. Last year was a complex one for transboundary and emerging diseases.  The pandemic brought the issue of One Health diseases to the fore, and this has had an important impact on how the world focuses on controlling these diseases.  However, it also meant a lot of funds were diverted from on-going control programs in order to deal with the emergency.  This could mean that, in the short-term, we are going to see a resurgence of certain viruses. What is clear is that we need to get better with our surveillance, both of the known diseases and of those emerging in the human:animal interface.  And this is where technology is coming in to play.  There are a lot of exciting developments that could change our knowledge and ability to predict where our focus needs to be.  Drones not only allow us to start delivering vaccines to areas previously difficult to access, but they can also be used for animal surveillance, helping us to learn more about animal numbers and movements, both domestic and wildlife.  Social media platforms allow us to hear people’s voices and to see new disease outbreaks in real time.  Improved animal tracking helps us follow not just where animals have come from, but also to retrospectively go back and find the nodes from where disease spreads.  These are exciting times. For the International Veterinary Health Team, innovation is a driver.  It is part of our everyday intent to discover improved ways of bringing you information.  The emergence podcast has allowed us to have interviews with experts, the new website is more interactive than ever, we hosted a virtual stand at the EuFMD OS20 meeting, and we started the Rabies 360 Challenge to leverage social media in raising awareness to rabies. Reach out to us with suggestions of topics you would like covered on the podcast and on the website.  We want to bring you the information that you need, and the best way for us to ensure that is by hearing from you. We will continue to look at new technologies and to explore just how they can help us all in the One Health community to bring improved health and welfare to animals and humans alike.  This is our commitment in looking forward to this year.
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Podcast Episode 12 - The One About One Health
On One Health Day this emergence episode talks to Drs Tiziana Lembo and Divine Ekwem from Glasgow University about their project in Tanzania looking at Foot and Mouth Disease and impact at the community level, Dr Jenifer Chatfield Of Vet Candy about her experiences with One Health, and we announce the winners of this years World Rabies Day Awards.
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New podcast: The One About One Health
It's ONE HEALTH DAY and on the newest episode of the emergence podcast Dr. Alasdair King talks to: Drs Tiziana Lembo and Divine Ekwem from Glasgow University about their project in Tanzania looking at Foot and Mouth Disease and impact at the community level Dr Jenifer Chatfield from the Vet Candy podcast about One Health and her experiences. We also announce the winners of the World Rabies Day Awards 2020. Listen to the episode here.
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Animation - Rabies 360 Challenge 2020 - Summary
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‘Pink Peony’ Painting on Auction for 'Rabies 360 Challenge' – Supporting Rabies Elimination
To support rabies elimination efforts Linda Gotlieb Art from South Africa engaged in the ‘Rabies 360 Challenge’ by creating a 360-degree (round) painting called “Pink Peony”. Get this painting now! This beautiful 40x40x4cm oil on round stretched canvas is on auction NOW. All funds raised will be will be donated to Rabies Awareness Body in Eshowe in KwaZulu Natal, South Africa. This local organisation is committed to raising awareness of rabies, such as teaching children in the townships how to train and care for their pets. 'Pink Peony' by Linda Gotlieb Art - for 'Rabies 360 Challenge' If you want this lovely painting and most of all, you want to support efforts against rabies, contact @LindaGotliebart via her Facebook, Instagram or Messenger. The story behind 'Pink Peony' Read below Linda’s story of the painting and why she chose this way to engage in ‘Rabies 360 Challenge’: I am always ready to share my love of art by getting involved with causes close to my heart. I have recently been involved with NSRI, a local school, a local scouts group, and always, animal welfare associations.I was invited and inspired to get involved in this challenge through Carolyn Chelchinskey who is a friend of mine and who shares a mutual love of dogs, beagles in particular! Carolyn told me about the great work that the Eshowe organization is doing to create awareness in rabies prevention. It seemed to me to be the prefect recipient for any money raised.Why I chose a peony? There is a common myth about the peony. It is believed to be named after Paeon, the Greek physician of the gods. According to the legend, Paeon was a student of Aesculapius, the god of medicine. When Paeon used a peony root to heal Pluto — the first time this was tried — Aesculapius became jealous of his talents and tried to kill him. To save Paeon (and show compassion to him), Pluto transformed him into a peony, because he knew it was a flower that people would admire and praise. Thus, one meaning of peony is compassion.Quite fitting for the awareness we are trying to create and the compassion needed for this challenge.
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